Endodontics is the type of dentistry that is concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of conditions that affect the tooth pulp, root, and surrounding tissues.
Inside the root canal of the tooth there is soft tissue called ‘pulp’ that contains blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue. The pulp is important in the growth of your tooth as it provides nourishment. Once the tooth is fully developed, however, the pulp can be safely removed because the tooth is nourished by the surrounding tissue. If the pulp becomes inflamed or infected it must be removed if you wish to save your tooth.
Inflammation or infection of the pulp can be caused by a number of factors. It is possible to have pulp damage even if there is no visible damage to the tooth. Possible signs of pulp damage include swelling or tenderness in the nearby gums, pain, and prolonged sensitivity to heat or cold. In some cases, discolouration of the tooth may occur.
The endodontist removes the inflamed or infected pulp, carefully cleans and shapes the inside of the tooth, then fills and seals the space. Afterwards, you will return to our office have a crown or other restoration placed on the tooth to protect and restore it to full function. After restoration, your tooth will continue to function like any other tooth.